ECTS guide

ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) is a tool that helps to design, describe, and deliver programmes and award higher education qualifications. The use of ECTS, in conjunction with outcomes-based qualifications frameworks, makes programmes and qualifications more transparent and facilitates the recognition of qualifications.

Since many grading systems co-exist in Europe and, considering that interpretation of grades varies considerably from one country to another, the ECTS grading scale has been developed to provide a common measure and facilitate the transfer of students and their grades between European higher education institutions, by allowing national and local grading systems to be interchangeable. Grades are reported on a carefully calibrated and uniform A-to-F scale combined with keywords and short qualitative definitions.

Usually, the performance of the student is documented by a local/national grade. The ECTS grade is not meant to replace the local grades but to be used optionally and additionally to effectively "translate" and "transcript" a grade from one institution to another.

As the ECTS grade is a relative grade there is no fixed conversion into the German mark system. Therefore, the table below only serves as a non-binding general orientation.

For further information European Commission's website. 

 

German Mark *Note*

German mark in words

ECTS - Grade

ECTS - Definition

1,0 – 1,5

Hervorragend

A

Excellent

1,6 – 2,0

Sehr Gut

B

Very Good

2,1 – 3,0

Gut

C

Good

3,1 – 3,5

Befriedigend

D

Satisfactory

3,6 – 4,0

Ausreichend

E

Sufficient

4,1 – 5,0

Nicht Bestanden

FX/ F

Fail

  • Excellent – outstanding performance with only minor errors
  • Very Good – above the average standard but with some errors
  • Good – generally sound work but with a number of notable errors
  • Satisfactory – fair but with significant shortcomings
  • Sufficient – performance meets the minimum criteria
  • Fail – some more work required before credit can be awarded